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English Title: Access to the University and women’s participation in Higher Education in Egypt
Author/Creator: Megahed, N.
Type of publication: Internet Publication
Bibliographic reference: Megahed, N. 2010, ‘Access to the University and Women’s Participation in Higher Education in Egypt’, Middle East Institute Viewpoints: High Education and the Middle East, Downloaded on 13/10/2010, Available at:
Abstract: This essay provides an overview of the higher education system in Egypt with a focus on students’ access to universities and women’s participation in higher education. The universities and higher education institutions in Egypt, as in other countries, accept students graduated from secondary schools. Therefore, understanding male and female access to university and higher education requires a thorough examination of the structure of the education system in Egypt. Examining male and female access to post-secondary education in Egypt reveals how educational inequality has been structured through a two-track system of general versus technical secondary schools. According to the World Bank, the gender gap in secondary education enrollment rates was 6.0 in 2003, which consequently reduces the opportunities for female participation in post-secondary education. Gender inequality in Egyptian higher education is exacerbated by the unequal distribution of higher education institutions across regions. Women’s participation in higher education remains lower (46%) than that of men, especially in poorer areas (35%) – an issue that is recognized by the Ministry of Higher Education and constitutes an essential part of its reform strategies.
Original abstract of the author: No
Field of science: All/General
Relation with Gender and Science topics: Horizontal Segregation
Vertical Segregation
Geographical coverage: Egypt
Time coverage: 2000s
Methodological approach: Compilation of statistics
Website address:
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