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English Title: Contribution of Ministry of Education in women empowerment
Author/Creator: El Kharouf, A.
Type of publication: Other Publication
Bibliographic reference: El Kharouf, A. 2006, ‘Contribution of Ministry of Education in Women Empowerment’, Proceedings of the International Conference "Women, Science & Development" Aden 4-6 February 2006, University of Aden
Bibliographic reference (Arabic): الخاروف، أمل، 2006، دور التربية والتعليم في تمكين المرأة، كتاب الأبحاث والدراسات المقدمة للمؤتمر الدولي حول: المرأة ...العلوم..والتنمية، عدن 4-6 فبراير.
Abstract: This study aims at measuring the changes in enrollment of male and female students in the first and second stages of educational reform to improve women’s status in participating in the development process. This will affect their empowerment which we can measure using indicators such as the percentage of students enrolled in the educational cycle and in different vocational specializations and the percentage of qualified teachers. Moreover, quality information is needed to analyze the image of women’s role in the education curriculum in comparison with that of men. An analysis of the opportunities that training courses abroad given to women in comparison with men is also needed. A comparative method was applied to analyze the differences between the situation in 1999/2000 compared to that in 1988/1989, when the educational reform started. The results show that equity is noticed in some cases, but a kind of discrimination between males and females is also apparent. In terms of the images of women and men portrayed in school textbooks, traditional gender roles continue to be reinforced. However, nowadays women are more able to challenge these. In terms of the ability of the educational system, there is an equity between males and females in the clear decrease in the percentage of overall enrollments in different classes, the increase in the percentage of net enrollment, and the decrease in the percentage of drop-out and repetition of most classes. The increase in the percentage of female enrollment compared to male enrollment in different educational cycles except K.G. cycle and some Vocational streams. One can also notice the increase in women graduates from Tawjihi. In terms of qualifications, there is an improvement of female and male teachers’ qualifications in both basic and secondary cycles. Moreover, the study demonstrates the absence of opportunities for female teachers to join training courses and to obtain scholarships to study abroad, which may lead to high positions The main recommendation of the study focuses on the need to establish a gender unit in order to support the role of the women’s committee to improve the leading role of woman.
Field of science: All/General
Relation with Gender and Science topics: Underlying Causes and effects
Geographical coverage: Jordan
Time coverage: 1990s
Methodological approach: Empirical research. Qualitative techniques
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